New Delhi world's most polluted capital; Calamba cleanest in SEA

New Delhi world's most polluted capital; Calamba cleanest in SEA

In addition, increasing incidents of massive forest fires also account for a major share in pushing global air pollution levels even higher. This is more than five times the safe limit of 10 mpcm prescribed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and almost 1.5 times more than the permissible limit of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Beijing ranks now as the 122nd most polluted city in the world in 2018 and China, the 12th most polluted country in the world.

The city's average PM2.5 level past year was 40.8 micrograms per cubic meter of air as opposed to 45.8 in 2017, according to Switzerland-based air quality monitor IQAir AirVisual's 2018 World Air Quality Report.

Globally, the alarming increase in air pollution is expected to cause 7 million premature deaths in the next year.

The latest Greenpeace study has ranked Gurugram, located southwest of India's capital New Delhi as the worst in the world in the list of most polluted cities.

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To make matters worse India has 22 of the top 30 most polluted cities in the world with China having 5, Pakistan with 2 and one in Bangladesh. Delhi with an average PM 2.5 concentration at 113.5 micrograms per cubic metre was the most polluted capital in the world in 2018.

Air pollution, both outside and inside homes, is a silent and prolific killer responsible behind the premature death of seven million people each year, including 6,00,000 children, says David Boyd, a United Nations expert on environment and human rights.

The index determines and evaluates the presence of fine particulate matter called PM2.5 - a pollutant that can rankle deep in the lungs along with bloodstream of humans. India notches up health-care costs & productivity losses from contamination of as much as 8.5 % of GDP, according to the World Bank. Yet another global study has cited Delhi-NCR as the most polluted capital city in the world. As a whole, India stands third among the most polluted countries in the world, after Pakistan and Bangladesh. Along with the death toll arising with these pollution figures, there's an estimated cost of United States dollars 225 billion in lost labour and trillions in medical costs. Executive director of Greenpeace South East Asia, Yeb Sano said, "Local governments can help tackle the effects of air pollution by providing adequate monitoring and reporting infrastructure".

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