Eating Nutrient-Rich Food Over Supplements May Help Lower Risk Of Death

Eating Nutrient-Rich Food Over Supplements May Help Lower Risk Of Death

The adults were also followed for an average of 6.1 years. For each nutrient, the daily supplement dose was calculated by combining the frequency with the product information for ingredient, amount of ingredient per serving, and ingredient unit.

They found that getting enough of certain nutrients is associated with a reduction in all-cause mortality when the nutrient source is foods, but not supplements. Now, a study has highlighted how getting adequate nutrients from food sources is more beneficial than consuming supplements.

"Based on the totality of evidence, it's becoming more and more clear that the regular use of dietary supplements is not beneficial in reducing the risk of mortality among the general population in the US", said study coauthor Dr. Fang Fang Zhang, an associate professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

Consumed nutrients from vitamins and supplements may not be as effective in improving one's health compared with eating the right food for the needed nutrients, according to the study. The bad news is that this link is seen only when those nutrients come from food, not supplements, according to a new study. After that, a household interview was held, and they had to answer whether or not they had used any vitamin supplements in the previous 30 days.

Nutrients sourced from foods were monitored with 24-hour dietary recalls. Mortality outcomes were obtained for each participant through linkage to the National Death Index through December 31, 2011, using a probabilistic match.

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In addition, the researchers found dietary supplements had no effect on the risk of death in individuals with low nutrient intake. While, insufficient intakes of vitamin K, Vitamin A, and Zinc were associated with lower risk of death from cardiovascular diseases. The findings also said that excess calcium intake was associated with a high risk of cancer death.

Taking supplements, the study authors found, didn't translate to a lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer, or any cause for that matter. Excess intake of calcium was associated with higher risk of death from cancer, they said.

The study showed that more than half of the participants of the study had reported using dietary supplements, while 38.3% reported using a multivitamin and mineral supplements. However, this link requires further investigation to be definitively proved as a positive association. This includes calcium from supplements. Additionally, the possibility that residual confounding may have affected the study's results remains.

"As potential advantages and damages of enhancement use keep on being contemplated, a few investigations have discovered relationship between overabundance supplement consumption and unfriendly results, including expanded danger of specific malignant growths", said Fang Zhang, partner educator at Tufts University in the US.

'This study also confirms the importance of identifying the nutrient source when evaluating mortality outcomes'.

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