Canine brucellosis confirmed in commercial breeding facility in Marion County, Iowa

Canine brucellosis confirmed in commercial breeding facility in Marion County, Iowa

Several cases of canine brucellosis have been confirmed at a commercial breeding facility for small dogs in Marion County, according to state veterinarian Dr Jeff Kaisand.

Also, if any pet owners have recently purchased a small breed dog from Marion County, Iowa they should contact their veterinarian immediately as well. A handout from Iowa State University says, among other things, to "always wash your hands after touching animals".

"Dog breeders, veterinary staff and anyone who comes in contact with blood, tissues and fluids during the birthing process."
The disease can be spread from dogs to humans in multiple ways, including; through a cut or scratch in the skin, when people breath in contaminated air, or when they eat or drink something that has been contaminated with the bacteria.

The state's Public Health Department said canine Brucellosis is commonly found in kennels and dog breeding facilities.

"The threat to most pet owners is considered very low", the agency said.

In a review published last month (April 5th 2019) authors LK Kaufman and CA Peterson from Prairie View Animal Hospital, Grimes, and Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, respectively write about the re-emerging scourge of canine brucellosis.

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Separately, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Department of Health and Human Services announced that effective May 10, 2019, it is temporarily suspending the importation of dogs from Egypt. But the good news is, most people are not at high risk for infection.

An Iowa animal rescue organization said it has quarantined 32 dogs.

Despite the control of rabies in domestic dogs in the US, each year interactions with suspect animals result in the need to observe or test hundreds of thousands of animals and to administer rabies postexposure prophylaxis to 30,000 to 60,000 persons, says the CDC.

Canine Brucellosis infections in humans, while "rare", are possible and "cause flu-like signs (fever, night sweats, headaches, back pain)".

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Some symptoms of Brucellosis in people may persist for longer periods, while others may reoccur or even be permanent. It can also affect certain organs such as swelling of the liver or spleen, swelling of the testicle and scrotum area, and swelling of the heart (endocarditis).

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